Iran Climbing Tours
Iran is a country in which high and extensive chains of mountain have surrounded its immense desert plains.
The meeting of the mountains and desert has brought up a specific climate that people call four-season, meaning that you could experience the four seasons simultaneously.
Iran has two main and extensive chains of mountains which include the northern one (Alborz) and the northeastern-southeastern one (Zagros).
Alborz mountain chain has almost covered all the northern part of the country in south borders of Caspian Sea.
Alborz with the longitude of more than 1400 kilometers and the mean latitude of 100 kilometers has been drawn from northwest to northeast. It has more than 50 summits more than 4000 kilometers high, among which Damavand is the highest volcanic summit with the height of 5671 meters in the Middle East.
Alborz chain is divided in to three main parts, eastern Alborz which is quite low in height with dense vegetation, central Alborz which has widespread high summits where exist Damavand, and the western Alborz(Iranian Alp) with high summits and natural ice houses.
Generally speaking, the southern part of this mountain chain which meets the central desert of Iran is almost dry while its northern part which meets the Caspian Sea is full of Hyrcanian Forests. Exceptional animals like Dama_mesopotamicas, hogs, bears, rams, and panthers live in this mountain chain environment.
Zagros Mountain chain, which is the most extensive mountain chain in Iran starts from the borders of Turkey and Armenia and extends more than 1800 kilometers with the mean latitude of 200 kilometers in western and southwestern direction. Oak forests are denser in this mountain chain and they are the residence of animals like rams, bears, wolves, foxes and deer.
Zagros Mountain chains are the result of a tectonic activity which means the clash of two tectonic plates, that of Asia and Arabia. This geological fold is not thorough yet and the land transformation still continues in western part of Iran and the Zagros district. Several folds and the existence of ample salt domes have made Zagros fields rich in oil.
Zagros composes of three high sectors which have been the residence of the primitive man and one of the main reasons for his immigration including:
Zardkuh Bakhtiari Mountain chain includes more than 10 summits plus 4000 meters high especially Chalmichan 4250meter-high peak, which is a favorable residence for the Bakhtiyari nomads thanks to the high rate of rainfalls as well as the skiing paradise of the mountain, located 180 kilometers to Isfahan.
Oshtorankuh and Ghalikuch mountain chains are protected areas and with the mean height of 4000 meters due to favorable rainfalls are the sources of high-volume-water rivers and the residents of Lor tribes. They are located in Lorestan Province and houses animals like bears, goats, rams, wildcats, wolves, and foxes.
Dena Mountain chains, with an arete of more than 90 kilometers and more than 40 peaks of plus 4000 kilometers high (the highest peak of 4435m), erects like a wall against the southern clouds and due to its vegetation and animal-life is the largest national park of the country. It is also a protected zone and the residence of the nomads of the central part of Iran. It is located 200 kilometers to northwestern part of Shiraz.
Individual Mountain chains include Joopar, Hazar, and Lalehzar with a height of more than 4000 meters in Kerman Province. These mountains are interesting to mountain climbers and nature lovers because they are not far from the central desert and plains of Iran.
Individual Mountains which include the volcanic peak of Damavand (5671m), Sabalan (4811m), Sahand (3707m), Taftan (3941m), and Bazman (3490m) are of interest to mountain climbers and nature lovers.
Taking the general characteristics of mountains in Iran into consideration, one could imagine the immense diversity of natural attractions to mountain climbers in any season and climate. Some parts of this geographical diversity which is quite interesting to any kind of taste or nationality would be m